Tick Associated Syndrome: The Alpha Gal Meat Allergy, Identification, Treatment and Prevention

Tick-borne diseases have become a public health emergency in endemic parts of the United States and around the world. It is critical for health care providers to understand the clinical symptoms, management, and prevention of tick-borne illnesses. Tick-borne diseases transmitted by the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum) include Ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mounted Spotted Fever (RMSF), Spotted fever rickettsiosis, Southern Tick Associated Rash Illness (STARI), tularemia, Heartland virus, and alpha gal transmission [1]. The alpha gal epitope is not found in humans (or apes), although it is found in all other animals. Exposure to lone star tick bites has been linked to a delayed allergic reaction to mammalian meat as a result of the formation of antibodies against Galactose-alpha-1, 3-galactose, or alpha gal [1]. Despite the fact that Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease in the United States, which is transmitted by the Black Legged tick (Ixodes scalpularis), alpha gal meat allergy sensitization induced by the lone star tick is on the rise. This is due to an increase in the number of lone star ticks and their spread into new geographic areas. It is critical to educate the public about the symptoms of this allergy, as well as the treatment options and how to avoid tick bites [2,3].

Author(S) Details

Anna-Marie Wellins
Department of Nursing, Stony Brook University, 100 Nichols Road, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA.

View Book:- https://stm.bookpi.org/NHMMR-V2/article/view/6121

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