Study on Cases of Eclampsia: A Clinical Approach

Eclampsia is a potentially fatal ailment that is one of the main causes of maternal death around the world. It’s associated to acute renal failure, DIC, postpartum haemorrhage, and other issues, as well as poor perinatal outcomes.

The goal of this study was to emphasise fetomaternal outcomes in Eclampsia instances. Methods: RZ Hospital, a government tertiary referral centre, assessed 75 cases of eclampsia between January 1, 2016 and June 30, 2017. The researchers looked into pregnancy problems, the efficacy of magnesium sulphate treatment, the foetal prognosis, and the delivery route.

Eclampsia was found to have a 0.55 percent incidence rate, with 62.66 percent of all cases being primigravida, 76 percent of cases being between the ages of 21 and 26, 84 percent of cases being from lower socioeconomic status, and maternal mortality happening in two out of every 75 cases. 66.67 percent of patients were able to carry their babies to term (37 to 42 weeks). With 9 spontaneous vaginal deliveries and 44 induced vaginal deliveries, 71 percent (53) of patients delivered vaginally. A caesarean section was required for 22 individuals.

Conclusions: Early detection and prevention of pre-eclampsia and pregnancy-induced hypertension, as well as other eclampsia risk factors, may help to reduce the onset of the illness. The maternal unfavourable events in this experiment were magnesium toxicity, acute renal failure (ARF), disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), with 92 percent of women having no difficulties.

Author (S) Details

Bipin Kanani
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, P. D. U. Medical College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.

Nirav J. Garala
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, P. D. U. Medical College, Rajkot, Gujarat, India.

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