Study of Learning Problems in Adolescents from the Historical-cultural Perspective in Neuropsychology

The background of the article is historical and cultural neuropsychology, which proposes analysis of learning activity from the level of its functional brain organization. Qualitative assessment of difficulties and functional analysis of syndromes permits to determine brain  cortical and subcortical factors or mechanisms, which participate in fulfillment of different actions and operations of learning activity at school age. The objective of the present article is to contribute to consideration of ways and methods of neuropsychological assessment in cases of adolescents with learning disabilities and to share the opinion  about  the  advantages  of  neuropsychological  approach  for  the  understanding  of neuropsychological nature of learning disabilities in adolescents. Two cases of female adolescents with learning disability were included in the study. The scheme for neuropsychological assessment created for Spanish speaking patients was applied. Such kind of assessment permits to detect unique brain mechanism or factor responsible for pupil’s difficulties. The results have pointed out systemic difficulties  in  factors  of  motor  sequential  organization  and  regulation  and  control.  Identification  of concrete functional mechanism responsible for difficulties helps to obtain precise neuropsychological diagnostic  of  learning  disabilities.  The  functional  deficit  of  motor  sequential  organization  and regulation  and  control  and  voluntary  activity  might  be  identified  as  possible  reasons  of  learning disabilities and problems for realization of intellectual actions in secondary school. We conclude that the  methodology  of  qualitative  analysis  of  neuropsychological  syndrome  proposed  by  Luria  might serve as an example of usage of systemic approach for cases of learning disabilities in children and adolescents.

Read full article:


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *