Relationships of Work Environment and Burnout among Perioperative Nurses in Spain

Background: Several international studies have found a connection between burnout and the working environment of nurses. However, there has been a scarcity of research on perioperative nurse burnout and the characteristics of their working conditions in Spain to date.

The aim of this study was to look into the impact of organizational variables in the perioperative nurse’s work environment on the three dimensions of burnout: emotional fatigue, depersonalization, and personal achievement.

Methods: We used a self-report questionnaire to collect data on a socio-demographic, the Maslach Burnout Inventory, and the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index in a cross-sectional, quantitative, prospective sample with 130 surgical nurses in a tertiary hospital in Spain. Study: Organizational factors, explanatory variables, and burnout dimensions were studied using a univariate and bivariate analysis, followed by a multivariate regression to determine the influence of the NWI-PES factors on burnout.

The level of general burnout was moderate to strong, according to the findings. In this study, emotional exhaustion was recorded by 43% (56) of nurses, depersonalization by 21% (28), and a reduction in personal accomplice by 53%. (69). The job climate was deemed unfavorable since only one out of five factors were favorable (Nursing foundations of quality care). Three organizational variables were found to be correlated with all three dimensions of burnout in multiple regression analyses: “Nurse manager capacity, leadership, and encouragement of nurses,” “Staffing and resources adequacy,” and “Nursing foundations of quality care.”

Conclusions: Burnout affects about one-third of perioperative nurses in each of the three burnout subscales, with Emotional Exhaustion being the most affected, accompanied by Depersonalization and Personal Accomplishment.

Three organizational factors were found to play a significant role in predicting burnout among perioperative nurses in this research. We advise hospital administrators to put measures in place to change these organizational factors. In addition to approaches in the workplace, which have a significant impact on burnout: Promoting positive leadership styles, providing adequate support, and fostering a positive work environment could improve perioperative nurses’ psychosocial health and reduce burnout.

Author (s) Details

Amalia Sillero-Sillero
Department of Escola Superior d’Infermeria del Mar at the University Pompeu Fabra (UPF), Barcelona, Spain.

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