Physical Activity and Its Relationship with Body Weight in Older Adults

Purpose: To  determine  the  relationship  between  calories  intake,  level  of  physical  activity  and overweight/obesity in adults over 60 years in Celaya, Mexico.

Study Design: It was a cross-sectional study.

Place and  Duration  of  Study: Population: 754 adults between 60 and 70 years old from Day Care Centers for the elderly from Celaya, Guanajuato, México between August 2014 and July 2015.

Methodology: We included a sample of 100 of adults, both genders, who signed the consent form; the  calories  intake  was  measure  with  SNUT  survey,  physical  activity  with  International  Physical Activity Questionnaire and measuring of overweight/obesity with Body Mass Index. Statistical analysis was with Pearson’s r, and lineal regression equation between mean daily calories intake and Body Mass  Index  and  between  physical activity  (METS/min/week)  and  Body  Mass  Index.  The  variables were categorized and it was calculated Chi squared test, p value, Odds Ratio and it was generated in a logistic multivariable model.

Results: The  sample  was  100  adults  between  60  and  70  years  old.  There  was  not  a  correlation between  caloric  intake  and  Body  Mass  Index  in  males  nor  females  (P>0.05).  There  was  a  good negative correlation between physical activity and body mass index (r=-0.56) and a negative lineal relationship (P<0.05). There was a relationship between physical activity and overweight/obesity (X2= 47.29, df 1 P=.00001)  and  OR=102.60.  There  was  not  a relationship between  Mean  Daily  Caloric Intake and overweight/obesity (X2= 0.84 dg 1 P=.36).

Conclusion: There is a strong negative correlation and lineal relationship between physical activity and Body Mass Index. There is an relationship between physical activity and overweight/obesity in the elderly from Celaya, Mexico.

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