Pattern of Physical Activity and Its Association with Overweight and Obesity: A Cross-sectional Study among School-going Adolescents in Rohtak District, Haryana, India

The first paragraph is an introduction. Physical activity is one of the most important lifestyle-related health determinants. Many health benefits can be obtained from regular moderate-intensity physical activity, such as walking, cycling, or engaging in sports. Physical activity tends to be decreasing among teens, which is one of the most significant health-protective behaviours in today’s world. Physical exercise has been shown to aid in the prevention and management of noncommunicable diseases such as heart disease, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, and a variety of cancers. It also aids in the maintenance of a healthy body weight and has the potential to improve mental health, quality of life, and overall well-being.

The aim of this study was to look at the pattern of physical activity in rural school-aged adolescents and how it relates to overweight and obesity.

Materials and Procedures: From July 2016 to June 2017, a one-year cross-sectional analysis was conducted in Rohtak district’s Lakhanmajra block (rural block). 750 students from six co-educational government senior secondary schools participated in the report. The data was gathered using a pre-planned, pre-tested semi-structured interview schedule, and SPSS version 20.0 was used to analyse it.

Obesity and overweight were found in 6.7 percent and 1.1 percent of the population, respectively.

Obesity/overweight was observed in 10.3% of study participants who did not exercise after waking up in the morning. About a quarter of the study participants (25.6%) who slept in the afternoon or evening were obese or overweight. Overweight/obesity was linked to the habit of playing every day, the length of time spent playing, and sleeping in the afternoon/evening.

Obesity is exacerbated by a lack of physical activity, which increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. As a result, resolving this problem and developing policies and strategies to prevent adolescent overweight and obesity is important. Physical activity should be encouraged in children not only to help them lose weight but also to improve their overall health.

Author (s) Details

B. M. Vashisht
Department of Community Medicine, Pt B D Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, India.

A. Vikram
Department of Community Medicine, Pt B D Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, India.

Himanshu Bhardwaj
Department of Community Medicine, Pt B D Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak, India.

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