Laser Sensing for Monitoring and Elimination of Oil Pollution at Sea

The spectral characteristics of laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) for oil products in various states are covered in this article (solutions in seawater and thin slicks). This study was carried out to assess the effectiveness of LIF in the quantification of bilge water-related ocean pollution and the identification of oil products....
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Study about Massive MIMO Communication

Every new network generation needs to dramatically increase area data throughput to keep up with the growing wireless data traffic. Massive MIMO technology can enhance area throughput by at least ten times while using the same base station density and capacity as current networks by improving spectral efficiency (bit/s/Hz/cell)....
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Industrial Automation of Gas Tunnel Kiln Using Relay Logics, PLC and VFD’s

One of the most important concerns facing every industry today is automation. Almost every facet of existence is being impacted by automation, including space technology and agriculture. In today’s globally competitive market, plant automation is a requirement for the manufacturing industry. It alludes to the system’s capacity to operate...
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Leakage Current Analysis in Mosfets Using Matlab GUI

In MOSFETs, leakage current has a mathematical expression. The mathematical expression is inherently complicated. Leakage current is influenced by a variety of factors. This chapter’s goal is to examine how various parameters may affect the leakage current. When the input voltage is lower than the threshold voltage, the leakage...
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Threshold Voltage and Source to Body Voltage Analysis in Mosfets

The lowest voltage necessary to switch on a MOSFET device is known as the threshold voltage. The right body potential can be used to raise or lower the MOSFET threshold voltage. Body bias voltage is another name for the body voltage. This chapter examines several body biassing techniques. The...
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