Methods and Procedures of Neuropsychological Correction in Preschool Children with ADDH
According to psychological and neuropsychological research, the pre-school age is the age of significant changes and transformations. Attention deficit disorder is one of developmental syndromes frequently detected at pre-school age. The present study shows the methods and procedures of neuropsychological assessment and correction. Methods and procedures of correction are based on the conception of activity applied to game activity. The study includes results of neuropsychological correction obtained in the group of Mexican pre-school children with diagnosis of deficit of attention. Neuropsychological correction was designed and applied in individual therapeutic sessions. The method of qualitative neuropsychological clinical analysis based on Luria’s neuropychological theory was applied. The subjects of the study were Mexican pre-school children with diagnostic of ADDH from private urban zone. The previous neuropsychological assessment showed the necessity of inclusion of specific methods of correction for formation not only of strategies of regulation and control, but also of spatial functions in population of children with ADDH at pre-school age. Both aspects, programming and control and spatial functions were included in the program of games with objects, symbols, rules and roles. All games were attractive for participants and produced high motivation and positive emotional involvement. Neuropsychological assessment accomplished after program application showed significant positive differences in psychological activity of the children and in brain functional mechanisms. The authors discuss the possibility of the usage of interactive guided activities such as games with structure and objective as an alternative method instead of common medication in cases of ADDH.
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