An Advanced Study of Health Status among School Going Adolescents in South India

Introduction: The duration of adolescence is important for human growth and maturation. In India, teenagers are 21.4 percent of the population (10-19 years), which accounts for one fifth of the total population. The health and nutritional status of children in the country is a significant index of national investment in developing their future workforce. In order to maintain good adult health, achieving optimal growth during teenage age is very necessary. Many children’s health issues may be identified through the availability of school health services. Via daily school surveys, we can treat and avoid many severe problems in children. The current research was conducted in South India to determine the health status and morbidity trend of school-going adolescents in urban areas.

Materials and Methods: The current research was performed in 2010 in 3 urban schools in the community medicine department’s field practice district. A team of physicians, social workers and school teachers evaluated all children in these schools in the age range of 10 to 19 years of age.

Results: There were 210 adolescents participating in the present research. Of these, 72(34.29%) were girls and 138 (65.71%) were boys. 53.33 percent of the adolescents were considered to be normal and 46.67 percent were malnourished, according to the weight for age criterion. It was found by adding height to age requirements that 32.86 percent of teenagers were stunted with boys suffering more than 66.67 percent compared to 33.3 percent of girls. Of all health issues, the dental caries were the most common (41.90 percent).

Conclusion: The study found that teenagers had poor health and nutritional status. In developing countries, including India, nutrition is a prevalent public health issue worldwide. For adequate growth and development of the child, proper nutrition is required. A weekly and periodic health check-up with organized adolescent nutrition efforts, along with oriented health education, would improve the health and nutritional status of these schools in the future for adolescents.

Author(s) Details

Dr.  Pravin N. Yerpude
Department of Community Medicine, Chhindwara Institute of Medical Sciences, Chhindwara(M.P.), India.

Dr. Keerti S. Jogdand
Department of Community Medicine, Chhindwara Institute of Medical Sciences, Chhindwara(M.P.), India.

Mohini Jogdand
Department of Community Medicine, SRTR Medical College & Hospital, Ambajogai, Maharashtra, India.

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