Recent Advancements on the Application of Biotechnology towards Diagnosis and Treatment in Veterinary Medicine in Africa: Potentials and Future Developments

In many fields of medicine, biotechnology is an already proven method, but its implementation in the field of veterinary medicine has only begun to emerge with the potential to revolutionise veterinary practise. Therefore, this paper reviews existing biotechnology applications in veterinary medicine for diagnosis and treatment in Africa, including: molecular gene cloning, development of vaccines derived from recombinant biotechnology, application of polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), polymerase chain reaction polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and bioinformatics for infectious and parasitic disease detection, gene therapy, disease diagnosis and delivery systems of care, and many more. These components exist in other parts of the world and are thus presumed to be consolidated in the near future as a private enterprise in the African distribution system. Although it is sensible to postulate that the application of biotechnology and its peculiar evolution will change veterinary medicine imminently, there is immense treatment, Among industry stakeholders, this latest scientific advance may be hampered by food health and safety and other civil and ethical issues. The ethical problems that include the Three Rs principle (Reduction of animal population, Refinement of enactments and farm management to minimise affliction and desperation, Substitution of animals with non-animal surrogate where possible. There is detailed consideration of restrictions on the application of veterinary practises. This research has implications for the potential revolutionization of veterinary practise and the rise in human consumption of protein sources. Finally, it is hoped that biotechnology will vigorously contribute to the progress of diagnosis in veterinary medicine in the immediate future. Therefore, this will include resources and biomarkers for an exceptional understanding of the processes involved in the propagation of epidemics in livestock.

Author(s) Details

B. R. Mohammed
School of Science, Engineering and Technology, Abertay University, UK.

Prof. S. K. Malang
Department of Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Nigeria.

Prof. S. Mailafia
Department of Microbiology, University of Abuja, Nigeria.

Prof. R. I. S. Agbede
Department of Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Abuja, Nigeria.

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