Editor Papa Research July 11, 2019

Aim: To determine the prevalence of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) deoxyribonucleic acid in cervical cancer specimens in Calabar, Nigeria. Study Design: This is a retrospective prevalence, a cross-sectional study on archival cervical cancer specimens. Place and Duration of Study: This study was done at the department of pathology, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar, on cervical […]

Editor Papa Research July 11, 2019

Aims: Malaria poses a medical and public health challenge in Nigeria. The burden of the disease has been a major source of concern to tourists in Uyo. Knowledge on the biting behaviour and the Human Biting Rates (HBR) are needed to assess the epidemiology of the disease and in estimating the vector – human contact.          […]

Editor Papa Research July 11, 2019

It is now well established that organ donation (OD) in Egypt gains utmost official support both from Islamic and Christian authorities. Yet, some social and behavioral obstacles may often obviate the full benefit of cadaver donors. Aim: To identify and analyze determinants influencing the public’s awareness and attitude toward organ donation (OD) in Egyptian population. […]

Editor Papa Research July 11, 2019

This chapter presents and explores many ‘fallacies’ about probability encountered in medical fields. These include the Arithmetic Fallacies, the Inverse Fallacy, the Favorable-Event Fallacy, the Conditional-Marginal Fallacy, Simpson’s Paradox, the Conjunction Fallacy, the Appeal-to-Probability Fallacy, the Base-Rate Neglect, and the Representative-Sampling Fallacy. We allude to simple mathematical and visual representations as well as to demonstrative […]

Editor Papa Research July 11, 2019

Aim: Aerosolized coal fly ash (CFA) from unfiltered exhaust by coal-burning utilities is a significant contributor to ambient air pollution in India and China. Evidence is consistent with aerosolized CFA also being the main particulate-matter jet-sprayed into the troposphere for covert geoengineering purposes. Members of the public chronically exposed to aerosolized CFA are likely to […]

Editor Papa Research July 11, 2019

Introduction: Mycobacterium is a genus of Gram-positive bacilli that demonstrates the staining characteristic of acid-fastness. Its most important species, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is the most common etiologic agent of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis causes ill-health among millions of people each year and ranks as the second leading cause of death from an infectious disease worldwide. Between 2003 and […]

Editor Papa Research July 11, 2019

Metformin, the antihyperglycaemic drug, though in use since 1957 eluded as to its mechanism of action till date. There is some truth but not the whole truth, in even the much-favoured mechanisms of AMP-stimulated protein kinase (AMPK) stimulation and inhibition of complex 1 of  Electron  Transport  Chain (ETC), as there are objections, unresolved, as yet. […]

Editor Papa Research July 11, 2019

Introduction: Coal is burned by electric utilities, about 10% remains as ash. The heavy ash settles, while the light coal fly ash (CFA) condenses and accumulates in the flue gases. In India and China CFA is usually allowed to exit smokestacks, but in Western nations it is trapped and sequestered for public health reasons. Epidemiological […]

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