Editor Papa Research May 30, 2019

Distinguishing the features of offenders who do and do not complete substance use treatment in corrections: Extending the reach of psychological services.

Approximately eightieth of offenders serving sentences in Canadian federal establishments gift a history of substance use that needs psychological services. punitive  substance use programs (SUPs) are shown to be effective in reducing reconviction for offenders World Health Organization complete all sessions. However, a major proportion of offenders getting into associate degree SUP don’t complete the program for offender-related reasons like dropping by the wayside or suspension. the aim of this study was to look at the prevalence of SUP noncompletion and therefore the extent to that offenders World Health Organization don’t complete due to offender-related reasons disagree from completers and people who do not complete for body reasons (e.g., transferred, released, program cancelled) on demographics, offense characteristics, substance use severity, SUP exposure, criminogenic wants, risk of lapsing, reintegration potential, and institutional charges. The study thought-about four,592 federally sentenced men offenders World Health Organization were registered in associate degree SUP. Results showed that noncompleters for bad person reasons were younger, less educated, less impelled for intervention, a lot of seemingly to own committed a violent crime, a lot of seemingly to own incurred a significant charge whereas incarcerated, a lot of seemingly to own given severe substance use, associate degreed a lot of seemingly to report an unstable employment history. there have been comparatively few variations between SUP completers and SUP noncompleters for body reasons. The results highlight that noncompleters for bad person reasons gift individual characteristics that may have an effect on their responsivity to treatment. characteristic offenders presenting this specific profile and craft psychological services to facilitate their learning might facilitate scale back program noncompletion and improve rehabilitation. (PsycINFO information Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved). [1]

Implementation of Telemental Health (TMH) psychological services for rural veterans at the VA New York Harbor Healthcare System.

Meeting the mental state wants of our current veteran population is one among the first challenges facing the Veteran’s Health Administration (VHA). significantly for veterans residing in rural areas, the shortage of suppliers, high supplier turnover, and therefore the burden of traveling long distances to VHA facilities could contribute to difficulties accessing mental state care. Telemental Health (TMH) services facilitate bridge the geographic gap between mental state suppliers and veterans UN agency would like mental health services. The VHA TMH Hub initiative has tried to leverage changes in technology-facilitated care by developing a model within which a facility “hub” might expand mental state resources to remote “spoke” clinics and veterans’ residences. This paper describes the implementation of the VA big apple Harbor Health care System (VA NYH) TMH Hub, that was one among vi programs funded by the VHA workplace of Rural Health (ORH) in Gregorian calendar month 2016. we are going to describe the structure of the program, services provided, veterans served, and our efforts to integrate quality improvement, research, and clinical coaching into the operations of the program. (PsycINFO information Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved). [2]

Implementing trauma-focused CBT for children of veterans in the VA: Providing comprehensive services to veterans and their families.

Military families experience unique stressful circumstances such as frequent moves, service-related physical and mental health difficulties, and separation from support. Although many families exhibit high resilience in response to these stressors, military children are at an increased risk for emotional and behavioral difficulties, exposure to intimate partner violence, and child maltreatment. These potential problems not only affect child functioning, but often also negatively impact family and veteran outcomes. Although the Department of Defense has enhanced efforts to address child and family trauma among military families, many veterans’ families are still not receiving timely, evidence-based treatment. With many veterans receiving care through Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers, incorporating family treatment into VA services is important for promoting optimal veteran outcomes. Trauma-focused cognitive–behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) has been used successfully for civilian and military children exposed to trauma including child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, and traumatic grief. This article reviews research regarding veterans’ mental health, child and family functioning, and parenting, and highlights the value of implementing TF-CBT in the VA given its family and-resilience-focused structure, strong empirical support, and flexible delivery model. Strengths of delivering TF-CBT in the VA (e.g., provision of trauma services for families where veterans are already receiving care, family education about trauma), as well as implementation barriers (e.g., VA policy regarding veteran-focused treatment, reduced facility resources) are discussed. Finally, future research directions are proposed, including mixed-methods research with veterans’ families to investigate the effectiveness and feasibility of TF-CBT dissemination within VA facilities. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved) [3]

Psychiatric morbidity and its recognition by doctors in patients with cancer

Psychiatric morbidity in patients with cancer is high and without appropriate treatment unremitting. We assessed the ability of 143 doctors to establish the psychological status of 2297 patients during outpatient consultations in 34 cancer centres and hospitals in the UK. Prior to seeing the doctor, consenting patients completed a short self-report questionnaire (GHQ12), designed for the psychological screening of large populations. At the end of the consultation, doctors completed visual analogue scales rating patients’ distress. 837/2297 (36.4%) patients had GHQ scores suggestive of psychiatric morbidity. The doctors’ sensitivity (true positive rate) was 28.87% (SD 25.29), specificity (true negative rate) 84.79% (SD 17.44). The misclassification rate was 34.7% (SD 13.79) meaning that for 797 patients the wrong assessment was probably made. These data show that much of the probable psychiatric morbidity experienced by patients with cancer goes unrecognized and therefore untreated. Doctors need communication skills training to elicit problems during consultations. Appropriate referrals to psychological services are necessary when patients requiring help are identified and ought to be an integral part of cancer care. © 2001 Cancer Research Campaign [4]

Exploring Students’ Assessment of Psychological Services in Technical Universities in Ghana for Improved Quality Education

The importance of psychological services in tertiary establishments can not be overemphasized. These services are provided in several forms to mitigate the impacts of difficulties moon-faced by students like relationship issues, addictions and drug abuse, depression, anxiety, stress and shallowness issues; essential incident and trauma responses, seminars and coaching are unionised for college students to arm them against things that impact negatively on their stay field. employing a sample drawn from Technical Universities in African country, the paper investigated the supply of psychological services, provision that enhance service delivery, and therefore the modes of assessing these services. The study discovered that deficiencies exist relating to convenience and potency of those psychological services. The results additional showed that several students weren’t attentive to the existence of the substance services. The paper recommends the requirement to begin and intensify awareness campaigns of substance and psychological services and encourage students to hunt counselling once they face challenges whereas on field. [5]

Reference

[1] Bartels, L., 2019. HOPE-ful bottles: Examining the potential for Hawaii’s opportunity probation with enforcement (HOPE) to help mainstream therapeutic jurisprudence. International journal of law and psychiatry63, pp.26-34. (Web Link)

[2] Chen, C.K., Palfrey, A., Shreck, E., Silvestri, B., Wash, L., Nehrig, N., Baer, A.L., Schneider, J.A., Ashkenazi, S., Sherman, S.E. and Chodosh, J., 2019. Implementation of Telemental Health (TMH) psychological services for rural veterans at the VA New York Harbor Healthcare System. Psychological services. (Web Link)

[3] Ridings, L.E., Moreland, A.D. and Petty, K.H., 2019. Implementing trauma-focused CBT for children of veterans in the VA: Providing comprehensive services to veterans and their families. Psychological services16(1), p.75. (Web Link)

[4] Psychiatric morbidity and its recognition by doctors in patients with cancer

L Fallowfield,D Ratcliffe,V Jenkins &J Saul

British Journal of Cancervolume 84, pages1011–1015 (2001) (Web Link)

[5] Amedome, S., Bedi, I. and Kemetse, G. (2018) “Exploring Students’ Assessment of Psychological Services in Technical Universities in Ghana for Improved Quality Education”, Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 25(2), pp. 1-9. doi: 10.9734/JESBS/2018/41646. (Web Link)

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