Editor Papa Research May 30, 2019

Gossip and gender differences: a content analysis approach

In this study, we attempt to evaluate gender-based differences in gossiping habits, subjects and sentiments. In order to do so, a mixed methods research approach comprising qualitative and quantitative analyses was employed. Questionnaires were filled out by 2230 participants, and an open question format was used, with participants imagining a scenario in which they are invited to describe to a friend, a person they had just met. Our findings suggest that, quantitatively speaking, women and men engage in the same amount of gossiping activity. Nevertheless, gender-based differences are apparent in the subject of gossip. Women gossip more about social relationships and physical appearance than men. It was also found that women’s gossip is more positive than men’s. Qualitative analysis of the data provides a more complex picture. For example, while women gossip more about physical appearance than men, their descriptions tend to be couched in positive terms, although they are deployed to emphasize other salient negative traits. This research therefore contributes to the refutation of gender-based stereotypes about gossiping. [1]

Consistency of gender differences in bullying in cross-cultural surveys

Many studies have reported on gender differences in bully and victim rates, but with the majority of reports from a small number of countries. Here we report on such gender differences from five large cross-national data bases. We report on overall male:female (M:F) ratios, and variations in these by age(or grade), by survey time point, and by offline/online bullying. We also compare consistency of M:F ratios across countries, over the five surveys. The preponderance of male perpetrators of bullying is found consistently across surveys, and survey time point. It is also consistent by age, but HBSC data suggest a curvilinear trend in early adolescence. Males also tend to more frequently be victims of bullying, consistent across age and survey time point, but with variations by survey. There is some indication of a decrease in M:F ratio recently in mid-adolescence, possibly related to online bullying. At least relatively, females are more involved as victims of online than offline bullying. Comparing recent findings on M:F ratio across countries for the five surveys, correlations vary from high to near zero. Implications for the explanation of gender differences in different countries, the comparability of data from different surveys, and for gender-specific interventions, are discussed. [2]

A meta-analysis of gender differences in character strengths and age, nation, and measure as moderators

The present meta-analysis investigates gender differences in the 24 VIA character strengths. Based on a literature search on quantitative studies that assessed character strengths, 65 samples consisting of both published and unpublished data were included (total N = 1,189,924). A random-effects model yielded significant gender differences for 17 of the 24 character strengths, although only four of these differences showed at least small effects: Females scored higher than males in appreciation of beauty and excellence, kindness, love, and gratitude. Thus, males and females were mostly similar in their character strengths. The size of the gender differences did not vary with nationality (i.e. the US, Switzerland, Germany, and Israel), while age and type of measure were significant moderators for 13-14 character strengths. The most pronounced differences emerged between children/adolescents and the VIA-Youth in comparison to adults and the VIA-IS as well as the short measures.[3]

Regional gender differences in an autosomal disease result in corresponding diversity differences

Regional gender differences in autosomal chromosome disorders have been observed repeatedly. However, the corresponding diversity changes remain unconfirmed. By analyzing previously published thalassemia data from the Dai people in Dehong and Xishuangbanna (two regions in Yunnan Province, China), we found that several sequence types, including HBA CNV and HBB mutations, significantly depend on gender in Xishuangbanna but not in Dehong. With the supportive evidence from previous researches, we accept that some certain mutations depend on gender regionally. This association seems peculiar. It is among one common people on a small geographical scale, while other recorded thalassemia gender difference varies by ethnics and continent. [4]

Gender Differences in the Effect of Diabetes Mellitus in Serum Lipid of Diabetics Attending Plateau State Specialist Hospital

Background: Diabetes is an increasing health concern globally with several complications (including coronary heart disease) and diverse contributing factors. Diabetes has been proven to affect both male and females nevertheless, the attendant dyslipidemia is suspected to be common among females than males.

Objectives: This study is aimed at evaluating the effect of gender on the serum lipid profile of diabetics.

Methods: One hundred and eighty six (186) diabetics comprising 86 males and 100 female diabetics of all groups, attending plateau state specialist hospital Jos were admitted as subjects in this study. While 50 control samples were collected from apparently healthy non-diabetics. The BMI and Blood pressure of the subjects was determined on the site of sample collection, while the blood samples were analyzed in the laboratory using a fully automated biochemistry analyzer. The parameters assayed include; Total cholesterol, High density lipoproteins, Low density lipoproteins, Triglycerides and Fasting blood glucose.

Results: Results generated revealed a significant (p = .05) variation in the total cholesterol, Low Density Lipoprotein and Blood pressure values of male and female diabetics while triglycerides values varied significantly (p = 0.05) between diabetics and controls subjects of both sexes accordingly. The results further revealed that female diabetics above 60 yrs had higher total cholesterol (5.5±1.5 mmol/L), Triglycerides (1.6±1.4 mmol/L), LDL (2.9±1.5 mmol/L) and Systolic blood pressure (15.58±2.19×10 mmHg) values, and the lowest HDL (1.9±0.3 mmol/L) value when compared to the values gotten from the other age groups. While those between the ages of 21-40 yrs had the lowest Total cholesterol (4.2±0.8 mmol/L), Triglycerides (1.3±0.9 mmol/L), LDL (1.5±1.0 mmol/L), BMI (25.2±5.7 Kg/m2) and Systolic blood pressure (13.4±2.29×10 mmHg) values.

Conclusion: This study unveils the possibility of the female diabetics being more prone to dyslipidemia than the male gender thus exposing the females to increased risk of coronary heart disease. Although, both males and females alike are exposed to the metabolic syndrome, the female diabetic is especially prone to this syndrome. This may be due to the physiologic make-up of the female and their body changes during pregnancy. [5]

Reference

[1] Eckhaus, E. and Ben-Hador, B., 2019. Gossip and gender differences: a content analysis approach. Journal of Gender Studies28(1), pp.97-108. (Web Link)

[2] Smith, P.K., López-Castro, L., Robinson, S. and Görzig, A., 2019. Consistency of gender differences in bullying in cross-cultural surveys. Aggression and Violent Behavior45, pp.33-40. (Web Link)

[3] Heintz, S., Kramm, C. and Ruch, W., 2019. A meta-analysis of gender differences in character strengths and age, nation, and measure as moderators. The Journal of Positive Psychology14(1), pp.103-112. (Web Link)

[4] Regional gender differences in an autosomal disease result in corresponding diversity differences

Shenmin Guan,Yingying ZhaoXiao ZhuoWenhui Song,Xiaorui Geng,Huanming Yang,Jian Wang,Xinhua Wu,Jinlong Yang,Xin Song &Le Cheng

Scientific Reports 9, Article number: 5472 (2019) (Web Link)

[5] Domkat, L., Josephine, A., Chika, E., Gurumtet, I. and Philip, C. (2019) “Gender Differences in the Effect of Diabetes Mellitus in Serum Lipid of Diabetics Attending Plateau State Specialist Hospital”, Asian Journal of Medicine and Health, 14(1), pp. 1-8. doi: 10.9734/AJMAH/2019/45360. (Web Link)

Leave a comment.

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked*