admin March 26, 2018

The long-standing mystery of why comets give off X-ray emission has been solved by a group of experimental physicists led by the University of Oxford, UK. On October 19, 2014, Comet Siding Spring made a remarkably close encounter with Mars, buzzing the planet at just one third of the Earth-Moon distance. Image credit: NASA’s Goddard […]

admin March 23, 2018

A team of physicists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and elsewhere has created a new kind of photonic matter that could enable quantum computing with particles of light. Liang et al demonstrated that photons can be made to interact Bound states of massive particles, such as nuclei, atoms, or molecules, constitute the bulk of the […]

admin March 22, 2018

A next-generation X-ray beamline now operating at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) brings together a unique set of capabilities to measure the properties of materials at the nanoscale. Called COSMIC, for Coherent Scattering and Microscopy, this X-ray beamline at Berkeley Lab’s Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source (ALS) allows scientists to […]

admin March 21, 2018

Chemical genomic-guided engineering of gamma-valerolactone-tolerant yeast. Credit: Image courtesy of Matthew Wisniewski, Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center Flow-through reaction setup dissolved biomass to sugars using gamma-valerolactone fractionation.   The Science To convert plant matter to fuel and other sustainable bioproducts, it must first be broken into digestible sugars for microbes. Gamma-valerolactone (GVL) is a promising […]

admin March 17, 2018

UC San Diego researchers developed an open-source tool called ‘ili’ to map data about bacteria and molecules onto a 3D model of an office. Credit: University of California – San Diego Researchers at the UC San Diego School of Medicine and Center for Microbiome Innovation have for the first time combined technologies that detect the […]

admin March 13, 2018

Better known as glass, silica is a versatile material used in myriad industrial processes, from catalysis and filtration, to chromatography and nanofabrication. Yet despite its ubiquity in labs and cleanrooms, surprisingly little is known about silica’s surface interactions with water at a molecular level. “The way water interacts with a surface affects many processes,” said Songi Han, a UC […]

admin March 12, 2018

A close up of beech wood reveals parallel fibres | DR KEITH WHEELER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY   By Andy Coghlan Wood is the new Styrofoam. By stripping away all the filler material in wood, leaving just bare fibres, researchers have shown that the resulting “nanowood” material outperforms just about all existing insulators. Liangbing Hu of the University of […]

admin March 9, 2018

Credit: CC0 Public Domain   Water, always important, always controversial, always fascinating, remains surprising. For a substance that is ubiquitous on Earth, three quarters of our planet is covered with it, researchers can still be surprised by some of its properties, according to Arizona State University chemist C. Austen Angell. Angell, a Regents Professor in […]

admin March 6, 2018

Pulses may be from a neutron star cocooned by a strong magnetic field – though experts are not ruling out more unorthodox explanations such as alien ships  An artist’s impression of a flash from FRB 121102 travelling toward the the Green Bank Telescope. Illustration: Danielle Futselaar/ Astronomers appear to be closing in on the source […]