Economics and Business

Editor Papa Research July 19, 2019

Aims: Delve further into the Malaysia’s Employees Provident Fund (EPF) scheme by exploring the perceptions of 300 retirees and prospective retirees on the adequacy of incomes in retirement provided by the current EPF system. Methodology: By employing the logistic model, the perceptions of 250 retirees and 50 currently working employees, were evaluated as part of […]

Editor Papa Research July 19, 2019

Aims: The role of participation in promoting sustainable economic development especially in rural communities cannot be overemphasized. Participation encourages ownership and sustainability of development efforts well beyond development interventions. However, participatory development has been more logically accepted than implemented; and participation is ordinarily used in practice to describe some involvement of all actors, irrespective of […]

Editor Papa Research July 19, 2019

The role small businesses play in the economy of countries are very germane. They enhance the growth and development of nations through massive job creation, contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and consequently reducing poverty and crime rates. Despite their importance, small businesses all over the world especially developing countries face diverse challenges that […]

Editor Papa Research July 19, 2019

This work aims to examine and test another model of exchange determination, the exchange rate overshooting model by examining its dynamics and measuring the speed of adjustment of prices. Then, in this overshooting model it is assumed that prices are sticky; thus, there is gradual adjustment of prices after a monetary shock. If the prices […]

Editor Papa Research July 19, 2019

Aims: This study examines the growth link between privatization and macro-economic aggregates in Nigeria. The growth effects between privatization proceed (privp), government expenditure (govtexp), per capita expenditure (pexp), unemployment rate (unemr) and inflation (infl) are studied. Scope of the study: The study covers. Methodology: We employ structural equation models: Granger Causality Wald Test and Impulse […]

Editor Papa Research July 19, 2019

Background: Literary sources contain contradictory information about energy release. Some authors describe the trend of rapid growth of this indicator, others believe that this growth is gradually subsiding. Objective: Authors have considered a problem of worldwide consumption of energy and its effects on economic development. Methods: The necessary parameters were determined by data of various […]

Editor Papa Research July 19, 2019

This study assessed the profitability, financial efficiency, and constraints among smallholder cotton farmers, using data from a farm household survey in Northern Ghana. Measures such as Asset Turnover Ratio, Operating Expense Ratio, Depreciation Expense Ratio, and Net Farm Income Ratio were computed from the dataset, and used to examine the financial efficiency levels of smallholder […]

Editor Papa Research July 19, 2019

The history of science is one based on revolutions and discourse where a new paradigm arrives challenging the status quo with the promise of progress and if the evidence is there to justify paradigm shift on the basis of that promise the consensus will be to shift paradigms. Apparently the shift from Adam Smith’s traditional […]

Editor Papa Research July 19, 2019

The South African market is in search of an effective retail format that attracts customers and invokes a positive consumer behaviour. In an era of fourth industrial revolution, where retailers around the globe are manoeuvring with latest technologies like Artificial Intelligence and Robotics to help develop more successful retail store formats to invoke positive consumer […]

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