Cancer Scenario in India: A Brief Study

The goal of this study is to raise awareness among the government and the general public about the rising prevalence and danger of cancer.

In India, the incidence of cancer has increased dramatically during the last several decades. Cervix and Breast Cancer are the most common malignancies in women, whereas Head Neck and Lung Cancer are the most common cancers in men. The main cause of lack of awareness, which leads to presentation at an advanced or metastatic stage, is poverty and illiteracy. At any given time, there are a total of 2.25 million instances. The death rate is likewise extremely high. The country has a wide range of financial, religious, and demographic differences. In 1960, more than 80% of the people lived in rural areas, but currently just 60% do. Cancer has become more common as a result of urbanisation. Hinduism is practised by 80 percent of the people, whereas Islam is practised by 16 percent. Multiple marriages and high parity are typical among Muslims, resulting in a high risk of cervical cancer. Cancer is highly common in the country’s North East area, owing to tobacco usage and home firewood burning. Due to a diet saturated in salt and spices, the incidence of stomach cancer is high in South India. Because of the widespread use of pesticides and a high-fat diet, the prevalence of cancers of the oesophagus, gallbladder, and breast is high in the Malwa region of Punjab. Because of the tobacco chewing habit, the incidence of oral cancer is particularly high in the states of UP, Bihar, and MP. Overcrowding has resulted in a scarcity of treatment facilities. Overcrowding has resulted in a scarcity of diagnostic and treatment facilities, which are also limited to urban regions. The biggest reason for late diagnosis and effective treatment is a lack of funds. Patient aid programmes have been established by the government, and the future looks bright.

Author(S) Details

Neeraj Jain
Department of Radiation Oncology, Sri Guru Ram Das University of Health Sciences, Amritsar, India.

Sakshi Jain
Himachal Institute of Dental Sciences, Paonta Sahib, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Abhmanyu Rakesh
Himachal Institute of Dental Sciences, Paonta Sahib, Himachal Pradesh, India.

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